PPE kit stands for Personal Protective Equipment kit. In other words, it is a set of equipment used for the protection of the face, eyes, head, body, limbs, etc. Thus, the PPE kit gives full protection to the body from thermal, chemical, physical, electrical, and biohazards. PPE set can be used in different sectors such as construction, mining, hospitals, etc. Based on the type of occupation, the features of the personal protective equipment can differ to some extend. For example, the helmet is used in construction work, but not in hospitals. Here, we will be discussing the list of personal protective equipment that is needed to deal with an ongoing problem of coronavirus.
PPE Kit for Coronavirus
(PPE Kit List)
The examination gloves can be nitrile (preferable), latex, PVC, or polychloroprene. The gloves should be non-sterile and powder-free. The minimum total length should be 250 mm. Similarly, the minimum thickness of the gloves should be 0.05 mm. The normal sizes can be S, M, and L.
The surgical gloves can be nitrile (preferable). latex, polychloroprene, or polyisoprene. The gloves should be sterile, powder-free, and single-use. Gloves should have long cuffs that reach above the wrist. It should have a minimum thickness of 0.1 mm. The sizes can range from 5.0 to 9.0.
Wearing more than one glove at a time is not necessary.
( Note:- Since nitrile gloves can resist chemicals, it is preferred more than the latex gloves. Nitrile gloves can be used for a single day. However, the latex gloves may last for a single-use. Thus, latex gloves are disposable in nature. )
Some of the common modes of transmission of the coronavirus are coughing, sneezing, talking, etc. Thus, the mode of transmission of the covid-19 is via droplet or aerosol. Similarly, the virus can also transmit from the hands contaminated with the virus.
Based on the applications different types of masks can be used.
- 3 Ply Surgical Mask:- The surgical mask should have an outer hydrophobic layer, inner hydrophilic layer, and middle melt-blown filter layer. The mask should be disposable. Also, it should protect the wearer from a droplet infection.
- Respirator Mask:- The mask such as N95 or the KN95 should have high efficiency against droplets as well as airborne infections. It should have distinct internal and external layers. The mask should have a tight seal around the face. Similarly, it should have a duckbill/cup-shaped structure that does not collapse on inhalation.
3. Face Shield
The face shield should be made up of clear plastic that allows a clear vision to the patient and the wearer. The adjustable band should fix properly around the head. The length and breadth should be sufficient to completely cover the face. Also, the face shield should be able to cover the safety goggles and the face mask. The face shield with an anti-fog property is preferable. Similarly, the shield can be reusable or disposable.
The coveralls/gowns are used for the protection of the whole body.
Gowns can be reusable or disposable. Reusable gowns can be made up of 100% cotton or polyester or a combination of both. The disinfection of these gowns can be done by autoclave or using disinfectants such as 1% sodium hypochlorite.
Similarly, the disposable gown can be made up of synthetic materials such as polypropylene, polyester, polyethylene, etc. They are non-woven, produced via thermal, chemical, or mechanical bonding.
The sizes of the gowns can be S, M, L, and XL.
Coverall is similar to the gown. The main difference is that besides the body coverall also covers the head region.
5. Head Cover
Those who are using the gown, need to wear head cover. The cover can be made up of impermeable fabrics. Head cover should cover the head and the neck. It also needs to cover the hair and the hair extension.
6. Shoe Cover
The shoe cover should cover the shoe. The cover can be made up of impermeable fabrics.
7. Safety Goggle
The safety goggle should have a good seal with the skin of the face. The flexible PVC frame should properly fit with all the facial contours with even pressure. The lens should be made up of clear plastics. Also, the lens should be scratch and fog-resistant. The flexible band should fit properly. Based on the materials, the goggles can be reusable or disposable.
How to wear PPE kit?
(Steps of wearing PPE)
Based on the set of equipment that you have along with you, the process of wearing the PPE kit can differ slightly.
In the given figure, you can see the general steps for wearing a PPE kit.
How to remove PPE?
Follow the following steps to remove the PPE kit
- Remove the gloves. Gloves can be removed by glove-in-glove or the beaking technique.
- Remove the gowns or coveralls.
- Get out of the patient’s room.
- Sanitize the hands properly with hand sanitizer or soap water.
- Remove the head cover, face shield, safety goggle, and face mask respectively.
- Remove the shoe cover.
- Dispose of the disposable component in a separate container. Also, dispose of the reusable component in a separate container.
- Sanitize your hand.
During the removal of the face shield, goggles, face mask, and head cover, do not touch the skin surface. But if you make contact with the skin, make sure to sanitize your hand.
How to dispose PPE kit?
If the PPE kit is disposable in nature, safely dispose of it in a container. Then sanitize it with the help of 1% sodium hypochlorite. Finally, dispose of it properly. If the PPE kit is reusable coverall/grown, autoclave it. If the other components are reusable, sanitize them with the help of 1% sodium hypochlorite. You can disinfectant the face shield and safety goggles, with the help of tissue paper soaked in sodium hypochlorite.